In 1997,
in a game between France and Brazil, a young Brazilian player
named Roberto Carlos set up for a 35 meter free kick. With no direct line to the goal, Carlos decided to attempt
the seemingly impossible. His kick sent the ball flying
wide of the players, but just before going out of bounds,
it hooked to the left and soared into the goal. According to Newton’s first law of motion, an object will move
in the same direction and velocity until a force is applied on it. When Carlos kicked the ball,
he gave it direction and velocity, but what force made the ball swerve and score one of the most magnificent
goals in the history of the sport? The trick was in the spin. Carlos placed his kick
at the lower right corner of the ball, sending it high and to the right,
but also rotating around its axis. The ball started its flight
in an apparently direct route, with air flowing on both sides
and slowing it down. On one side, the air moved in the opposite
direction to the ball’s spin, causing increased pressure, while on the other side, the air moved
in the same direction as the spin, creating an area of lower pressure. That difference made the ball curve
towards the lower pressure zone. This phenomenon is called
the Magnus effect. This type of kick,
often referred to as a banana kick, is attempted regularly, and it is one of the elements
that makes the beautiful game beautiful. But curving the ball
with the precision needed to both bend around the wall
and back into the goal is difficult. Too high and it soars over the goal. Too low and it hits the ground
before curving. Too wide and it never reaches the goal. Not wide enough
and the defenders intercept it. Too slow and it hooks too early,
or not at all. Too fast and it hooks too late. The same physics make it possible to score another
apparently impossible goal, an unassisted corner kick. The Magnus effect was first documented
by Sir Isaac Newton after he noticed it while playing a game
of tennis back in 1670. It also applies to golf balls,
frisbees and baseballs. In every case, the same thing happens. The ball’s spin creates a pressure
differential in the surrounding air flow that curves it
in the direction of the spin. And here’s a question. Could you theoretically
kick a ball hard enough to make it boomerang
all the way around back to you? Sadly, no. Even if the ball didn’t
disintegrate on impact, or hit any obstacles, as the air slowed it, the angle of its deflection
would increase, causing it to spiral into smaller
and smaller circles until finally stopping. And just to get that spiral, you’d have to make the ball spin
over 15 times faster than Carlos’s immortal kick. So good luck with that.

Football physics: The “impossible” free kick – Erez Garty
Tagged on:                                                                                             

100 thoughts on “Football physics: The “impossible” free kick – Erez Garty

  • August 1, 2019 at 12:31 am
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    Grande Roberto Carlos! 👏👏👏👏

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 9:50 pm
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    Make an episode of Quarisma

    Reply
  • August 2, 2019 at 1:31 pm
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    ROBERTO CARLOS

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 1:32 am
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    Hold my keg.

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  • August 3, 2019 at 7:12 am
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    He kicked it with the left foot. Not the right one

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  • August 3, 2019 at 9:53 am
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    You have to know how to play futbol and be good at it to know how a .00something of a second took for RC to hit that ball, while knowing exactly what he was doing

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 8:26 pm
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    Ponen el título en español y el hijo de puta video es en inglés :v

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 1:45 pm
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    Please make video on Cristiano ronaldo's knuckle ball….. Please….Please…..

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 6:53 am
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    referees: WOW HOW DID THAT HAPPEN!?
    TedEd:

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 8:43 pm
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    Roberto Carlos kicked with his left leg

    Reply
  • August 6, 2019 at 3:05 pm
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    코리안?

    Reply
  • August 6, 2019 at 3:56 pm
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    Actually, it's a wrong explanation of the Magnus effect… According to the explanation in the video, ball would go to opposite side, where relative speed between ball and air is higher (and the pressure is lower, according to Bernulli law). But if you consider the layers of air, rotating with ball because of friction between the ball and air, you'll get the correct picture of pressure distribution, causing a curve trajectory

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 1:10 pm
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    Altyazı cevirmeninin anasını sikiyorum

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 7:09 pm
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    In my opinion is just training and luck..

    Reply
  • August 8, 2019 at 4:37 pm
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    You should do a video on Australian Rules Football (AFL) it's Australia's national sport and we're crazy about it over here but its almost unheard of overseas. The AFL Grand Final is the highest attended club championship event in the world including the super bowl and the players can run upwards of 20kms per game compared to soccer player's 13km. The game is fascinating and unlike any other sport around the world and it's so crazy that its such an institution in Australia but even American sports fanatics have rarely heard of it.

    Check out the video called "What is AFL? Aussie Rules Explained"

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 4:32 am
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    He just did it again, check his Instagram lol

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 5:01 am
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    His name is Roberto Carlos, his last name is da Silva. Don't call him Carlos, we are not all gringos.

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 11:03 am
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    I'm pretty sure all of this wasn't going through his mind when he was about to take the kick

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  • August 9, 2019 at 1:15 pm
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    I can give shoot whit some effect but not like that

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 1:19 pm
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    I bet you 5$ that Roberto don't know anything what you have said ib this video

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 4:18 pm
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    Just one name:
    Andrea Pirlo

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 3:12 am
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    The Roberto Carlos goal wasnt a curve ball…but a knuckleball…look at how little the ball spinned…remember, he was known for his POWER…

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 6:36 am
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    سواها قبل روبيرتو كارلوس
    لاعب الهلال موسى نضاو ضد النصر

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 10:28 am
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    So Foreigners call it Banana kick, huh? We call it "trivela".

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 1:08 pm
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    its an old kick – was called cut kick

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 1:13 pm
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    おそらく日本人1コメ笑

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 3:58 pm
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    Knuckle shot

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 4:25 pm
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    I AM §UBING TO ANY0NE WHO §UB ME.. I AM FAST 🏎️🏎️⚽⚽

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 7:08 pm
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    Here, in Brazil, this kick is named "três dedos" or "three fingers". Bc the three fingers of the feet cause this curve…

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 8:40 pm
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    MUITO bom

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 8:42 pm
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    No one :
    Literally no one:
    YouTube:HEY WATCH THIS VIDEO WHICH IS 4 YEARS OLD

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 9:26 pm
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    Por que isso tá nos meus recomendados?

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 4:25 pm
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    Or use the jabulani soccer/FOOTball of the 2010 fifa world cup

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 1:39 am
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    Brasil 🇧🇷!!

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 7:00 pm
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    Scientists is Scientists, they don't know the banana shot is very easy ..

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 7:02 pm
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    Ne uğraşıon zıban gitsin 😂😂😂😂

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 7:13 pm
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    Great video

    Reply
  • August 13, 2019 at 12:43 am
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    ❤❤⚽️❤❤

    Reply
  • August 13, 2019 at 12:54 am
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    Banana kick? Cerra el orto la concha de tu madre. No sabes un choto

    Reply
  • August 13, 2019 at 2:43 am
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    Orospu çocuğu Mihriban altyazini
    yarısi eksik elinin emeğinin amına koyim

    Reply
  • August 13, 2019 at 10:04 am
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    Do one for messi's goal vs Atletico Bilbao 2015 Copa del Rey final

    Reply
  • August 13, 2019 at 11:52 am
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    The corner kick is called an Olympic goal

    Reply
  • August 15, 2019 at 7:42 pm
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    Magnus effect

    Reply
  • August 17, 2019 at 5:28 pm
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    Ok read about magnus effect but in reverse mangnus effect why ball curve to high pressure same as in jasprit bhumrha balling tell me

    Reply
  • August 19, 2019 at 9:34 am
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    And could You describe bumerang in the same way?

    Reply
  • August 21, 2019 at 5:32 am
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    Most people call it “bending the ball” not a “banana kick”

    Reply
  • August 21, 2019 at 2:55 pm
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    ne taktı ama

    Reply
  • August 22, 2019 at 4:41 pm
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    So do with Cricket, as Reverse swing needs the same process. The balls swings on the rough side with the air flow.

    Reply
  • August 23, 2019 at 6:03 pm
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    I have never once heard the act of curling a free kick being referred to as a "banana kick"…

    Reply
  • August 26, 2019 at 1:11 pm
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    U mad

    Reply
  • August 27, 2019 at 1:38 pm
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    Football physics: Impossible
    Wind: Anything is possible!

    Reply
  • August 27, 2019 at 3:21 pm
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    You can just say the wind helped him

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 7:06 am
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    Too elementary

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 12:13 pm
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    you should try to play super shoot soccer on ps1

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 2:37 pm
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    Wait I swear Carlos did score from a corner when he was playing in turkey or something. I can't remember but he had curved it from deep in the corner and score too

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 4:32 pm
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    There was wind coming from the right of the stadium, that helped him too.

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 4:58 pm
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    日本人いる?

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 6:31 pm
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    Also make a video on reverse swing of cricket ball

    Reply
  • August 29, 2019 at 5:14 am
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    No it never has nor never will be called a banana kick. LOL

    Reply
  • August 29, 2019 at 8:37 am
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    Its not just the magnus effect.. its also the air pressure inside the ball which moves to the right of the ball at the point of contact with the boot. While the ball is approaching the goal, the air pressure inside the ball shifts from high pressure area to low pressure, creating a movement towards the left. Goodnight.

    Reply
  • August 29, 2019 at 11:04 pm
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    ITS CALLED A TOPSPIN MATE

    Reply
  • August 30, 2019 at 11:14 am
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    Physics: bla bla bla.
    Juninho: hold my beer.

    Reply
  • August 30, 2019 at 8:35 pm
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    Luck…

    Reply
  • August 30, 2019 at 9:00 pm
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    This is educational mom!

    Reply
  • August 31, 2019 at 3:20 am
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    E ele conseguiu fazer isso sem ter qualquer estudo de física, e meio que improvisado…é um gênio do futebol

    Reply
  • August 31, 2019 at 3:33 am
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    3:07 hahaha boa tentativa mesmo porque aquela bola que o Roberto Carlos chutou atingiu mais de 100km/h e é o OITAVO CHUTE A GOL MAIS FORTE DE TODOS OS TEMPOS

    tipo,de todos os jogadores que existiram,aquele é oitavo mais forte

    Reply
  • August 31, 2019 at 1:04 pm
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    What you're missing out on is that the reason why this goal was so sensational was not the curled shot itself. This had been done for decades already. The reason was that the ball didn't fly a regular, steady curl, i. e. from the moment of the kick to the goal, but changed its direction extremely late, and almost in the opposite direction of where it seemed to be curling. Also, curling a ball that was hit as hard as this was something that hadn't been done before. Good video on curves and rotation though!

    Reply
  • August 31, 2019 at 4:03 pm
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    Who the fuk calls it banana shot

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  • August 31, 2019 at 4:52 pm
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    Banana kick?😂 it’s called a trivela mate

    Reply
  • August 31, 2019 at 6:20 pm
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    People forget that R. Carlos scored a bunch of blinders… there was the one that was almost from the corner flag… Give him a Nobel peace prize 👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿😂

    Reply
  • September 1, 2019 at 6:05 am
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    It’s not a banana kick stop making things up

    Reply
  • September 1, 2019 at 7:43 am
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    Yall making a video about a guy, that just took a shot and scored "randomly".

    Reply
  • September 1, 2019 at 3:04 pm
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    So kicking 15x faster than Roberto Carlos

    Calling Superman …..
    Superman :- sorry call Flash

    Reply
  • September 1, 2019 at 10:36 pm
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    Long Story Short, He shot a travella

    Reply
  • September 1, 2019 at 11:18 pm
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    It’s called trivela

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 12:01 am
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    THIS IS BRAZIL

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 7:27 am
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    Pls explain Faiz Subri's free kick that won him puskas award

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 8:50 am
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    You can’t deny
    He was the most inhuman free kick taker of all time

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 9:13 am
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    Bruh… I score corner kicks like quite commonly at school so…. JUST WORK HARD ON CORNERS AND YOU CAN SCORE THEM.

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 4:45 pm
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    En iyisi ölü yaprak vuruşun sırrı top falso almıyo bü yüzden kendini aymosfere hava boşluğunu bırakıyo çünkü kendi dönüşü yok falso verilmiyo ve top dümdüz dönmeden giderken topun dikişleri hava akımından etkileniyo yani sürtünme oluyo biraz ve top bi anda yön değiştiriyo sapıyo ve buda kalecilerin işini baya zorlaştırıyo ama çalışma gerektiren bi iş ölü yaprak vurmak okadar kolay değil

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 5:56 pm
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    Ну так, то он так. Но именно в гол Карлоса вмешался случай, а именно боковой ветер.

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 10:25 pm
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    That wasn't his impossible goal. And from a football culture that comes natural whenever you use left or right, there are different ways to kick the ball, what Roberto did in this case is a "tres dedos" (3 fingers shot) meaning hitting the ball with the outside 3 fingers of the foot, causing a high amount of rotation.

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 10:53 pm
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    1:33 não não não, isso não se chama "the magnus effect" mas sim "trivela"

    Reply
  • September 3, 2019 at 7:25 am
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    Just admit it, Roberto Carlos is a genius 🙂

    Reply
  • September 3, 2019 at 1:24 pm
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    хули на английском всё

    Reply
  • September 3, 2019 at 6:26 pm
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    2:15 This is oficially called paco

    Reply
  • September 3, 2019 at 8:18 pm
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    Now there are 5 year olds doing it.

    Reply
  • September 4, 2019 at 5:38 pm
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    nobody ever except for you have referred to that as a banana kick

    Reply
  • September 4, 2019 at 8:42 pm
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    TED without talking humans.

    Reply
  • September 4, 2019 at 10:06 pm
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    Yeah. Tell this to bollywood film makers

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 12:00 pm
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    Now explain Cr7 knuckle ball goals….good luck

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 2:26 pm
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    Le people before Newton playing football.

    What kind of socerey is this?

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 7:36 pm
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    kicking with your left to the right and waithing for a spin to the left is hard yes

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  • September 5, 2019 at 8:41 pm
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    never heard anybody say "banana kick"

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 10:17 pm
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    I never knew knuckle balls were so advanced lol

    Reply
  • September 6, 2019 at 1:05 am
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    Lovely❤

    Reply
  • September 6, 2019 at 7:04 am
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    Roberto carlos didn't knew magnus effect to score the goal😅😅😅😅

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 8:07 pm
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    Go watch f2

    Reply

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